Instructions for Authors


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    Manuscript Submission: Manuscripts should be submitted online through our Website: ( and should be submitted by the corresponding author. Membership in the society is not a requirement for publication, but authors are urged to consider becoming a member.


  • Subject Matter: Horticultural Science and Technology (HST) is a bimonthly publication of papers of original work (or results) which can contribute to any aspect of fundamental and applied research on horticultural plants and their related products. The essential contents of manuscripts must not have been published in other refereed publications. Submission of a manuscript to the journal implies no concurrent submission elsewhere.


  • Copyright: Korean Society for Horticultural Science (KSHS) retains the exclusive copyright to reproduce and distribute including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline, online) or any other reproduction of similar nature for all KSHS publications. No part of journal may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by means, without permission in without from the KSHS.


  • Publication Types: Research article, Review and survey, Invited review, and Cultivar and germplasm releases.


  • Review Policy and Procedure: All manuscripts must be submitted in English. Manuscripts submitted for publication must be reviewed by more than two reviewers (internal review process) and revised. Submitted manuscripts that do not conform to the KSHS standards will be returned to authors for correction. A manuscript number is assigned to each manuscript, which will be sent to the corresponding author. Always refer to the manuscript number in all correspondence thereafter. Submitted manuscripts are reviewed by more than two reviewers. Reviewed manuscripts are sent back to the corresponding author along with comments from reviewers. Some revision is usually necessary after the reviews, and final acceptance generally depends on extent of revision. In submitting revised manuscripts, authors are requested to submit explanations on how the revisions were made and the reason why they do not agree with the reviewers for those points on which they have no revision. A manuscript is considered withdrawn, if the author has not responded in 3 months to a request for revision. The corresponding authors will be notified for acceptance.


Online First: The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. This is the official first publication citable with the DOI. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numbers.


  • Authorship: The HST recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:
    ・Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
    ・Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
    ・Final approval of the version to be published; AND
    ・Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.


  • Compliance with Ethical Standards: To ensure objectivity and transparency in research and to ensure that accepted principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors should include information regarding sources of funding, potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial), informed consent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals.Authors should include the following statements (if applicable) in a separate section entitled “Compliance with Ethical Standards” when submitting a paper:
    ・Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest
    ・Research involving Human Participants and/or Animals
    ・Informed consent
    ・If there are no ethical issues, the authors can declare that they have no conflict of interest


  • Procedure after Acceptance: Accepted manuscripts must be submitted online through our Website: Preparation of manuscripts with Microsoft Word is desirable, other word processing packages are not acceptable. Galley proof is sent to the corresponding author. Authors must proof read carefully, correct if necessary and make a form ‘Copyright Transfer Statement’, and then, return to the KSHS as soon as possible. Authors will be charged for any major alterations they make in the page proofs that are not the error of the editors.


  • Publication Fees: The author(s) must pay a publication fee $500 (U.S. Dollars) or KRW 500,000 per article. The charge is for the HST’s sponsoring scientific societies (KSHS) providing editorial process. Quotations will be sent with a decision of acceptance. Unpaid articles will not be published on the online site and paper print of HST.




  • Format: Manuscripts including tables and figures, 1.5 spaced in a MS Word docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions). 
    All pages must be numbered consecutively and all lines also must be numbered consecutively from the title page. Use a single column format in page layout. 

  • Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter. 

  • The journal requires the use of the metric system, preferentially SI units, and centered period between units (e.g. mg L-1). 

  • All the manuscripts should be written in standard scientific English. Non-native English authors are highly recommended to use a scientific English editing service to improve the manuscript prior to submission to HST.


  • Manuscript Organization: Manuscript should be arranged in the following order: Title, Abstract, Additional key words, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, Literature Cited, Tables, and Figures. In some cases, the Results and the Discussion can be combined into one section for more effective presentation. Reports and review manuscript should be arranged in the following order: Title, Abstract, Sub-title, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, Literature Cited, Tables, and Figures.


  • Title: The title should be a concise description of the contents of the paper. Capitalize the first letter of all title words except articles, prepositions, and conjunctions. Use common names for well-known species. Cultivar names can be used only for comparisons or when the characteristics of the cultivar need to be emphasized. Do not use an abbreviation except for common terminology. Serial titles indicating a series of related papers are not generally recommended, unless manuscripts are submitted together. On the title page, include the title, full name of each author and institution(s) where the research was done, with mailing address(es). If an author has since moved to a different institution, the new location can be indicated in a footnote. The corresponding author should be noted by an asterisk. For multiple affiliations, use respective superscript numbers to match authors and their affiliations.


  • Abstract: The Abstract should be a concise summation of the objectives, materials used, major treatments, results and conclusions written in a paragraph. Abstract must not exceed 5% of the length of the paper. Use a chemical name followed by a common name in parenthesis when first mentioned, and then use the common name thereafter. The Abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references. List five to six additional key words, which have not been used in the title, in lower case alphabetically. Common species name(s), chemical name(s), physiological or pathological term(s), and genetic term(s) can be used.


  • Introduction: The introduction should provide the necessary background information for the average reader; it should be both complete and concise. Previous publications that form a basis for the work presented must be cited.


  • Materials and Methods: In the Materials and Methods section, the experimental procedures should be described in sufficient detail that they could be followed by other researchers in the field. This section should be made as concise as possible by reference to procedures that have already been published, unless the method used here was greatly modified. Scientific names of species and cultivar names used must be included regardless of their appearance in Abstract or Introduction. Sizes, quantities, and suppliers of materials must be indicated, preferentially in common names. Treatments, experimental design, and statistical method must be explained in detail. Commonly known methods or analyses may be briefly explained by citing relevant references.


  • Results: The Results section contains the results of research given in detail, with tables and figures as needed. Results that can be expressed easily in the text should not be given in the form of tables or figures.


  • Discussion: The Discussion section should not contain a repeat of the results, but should explain the meaning of the findings and the authors' conclusions, together with a discussion of any contradiction of already published reports.


  • Acknowledgement(s): The Acknowledgements section should be as brief as possible. Any grant that requires acknowledgement(s) should be mentioned. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. Acknowledgement(s) of help from colleagues and professional associates are appropriate, but avoid acknowledgement(s) of routine secretarial help or family members.


  • References

  • 1) Citation 

  • Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. Some examples: 


  • Negotiation research spans many disciplines (Thompson 1990).
    This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman (1996).
    This effect has been widely studied (Abbott 1991; Barakat et al. 1995a, b;Kelso and Smith 1998; Medvec et al. 1999, 2000).


  • 2) Reference list

    The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.

    Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work. Please alphabetize according to the following rules: (1) For one author, by name of author, then chronologically; (2) For two authors, by name of author, then name of coauthor, then chronologically; (3) For more than two authors, by name of first author, then chronologically.


  • a. Journal article

    Gamelin FX, Baquet G, Berthoin S, Thevenet D, Nourry C, Nottin S, Bosquet L (2009) Effect of high intensity intermittent training on heart rate variability in prepubescent children. Eur J Appl Physiol 105:731-738.

    Ideally, the names of all authors should be provided, but the usage of “et al.” in long author lists will also be accepted:

    Smith J, Jones M Jr, Houghton L et al. (1999) Future of health insurance. N Engl J Med 965:325–329


  • b. Article by DOI

    Slifka MK, Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med.


  • c. Book

    South J, Blass B (2001) The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London


  • d. Book chapter

    Brown B, Aaron M (2001) The politics of nature. In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York, pp 230-257


  • e. Online document

    Cartwright J (2007) Big stars have weather too. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. Accessed 26 June 2007


  • f. Dissertation

  • Trent JW (1975) Experimental acute renal failure. Dissertation, University of California


  • g. Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see If you are unsure, please use the full journal title.



  • All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
    Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
    For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.
    Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.
    Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.


  • Figure lettering

  • Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2–3 mm (8–12 pt).
    Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
    Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
    Do not include titles or captions into your illustrations.


  • Figure numbering

  • All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
    Figures should always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order.
    Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
    If an appendix appears in your article/chapter and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, “A1, A2, A3, etc.” Figures in online appendices (Electronic supplementary Material) should, however, be numbered separately.


  • Figure caption

  • Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.
    Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.
    No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
    Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
    Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.


  • Figure placement and size

  • Figures should be submitted within the body of the text. Only if the file size of the manuscript causes problems in uploading it, the large figures should be submitted separately from the text.
    When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.
    For most journals the figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.
    For books and book-sized journals, the figures should be 80 mm or 122mm wide and not higher than 198 mm.